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The Tiny List of Apparel Manufacturing Terminolgy

Apparel manufacturer's lingo can be so confusing ...buying a t-shirt today is no small task.
Some of the terms used on our pages are explained below. 
...While it is no where near the complete list used in the industry, we trust it is enough to help you figure out your buying options today.

Air Jet Spinning
...utilizing air to apply twisting to the yarn. Air-jet fabrics have excellent appearance, overall surface definition and brightness.
Baby (Rib) Knit
...rib knit fabrics have good elasticity, shape retention and feel soft against the skin (perfect for children's apparel) Rib knits are used for necklines, cuffs and t-shirts. Rib knit lightweight sweaters provide a close, body-hugging fit.
Collarette
...the trim around the neck of a t-shirt or sweatshirt.
Combed Cotton
...a method to remove short fibres creating a smooth fine cotton yarn with high strength and excellent uniformity. It costs more and is used in finer t-shirts.
Cotton Jersey Knit
...is very flexible, comfy and the most durable of knits ...typically made from cotton or a synthetic blend.
Cotton, Polyester, and Rayon

...cotton offers breathability ...polyester strength ...and rayon shininess. A fabric with all three fabrics offers durability, ultra-softness, and excellent resilience so that if wrinkled, the fabric bounces back.

Also consider ...in the battle between cotton and polyester, cotton wins the whiff test because synthetic fabrics allow stink-causing bacteria to thrive. Cotton does a great job absorbing the moisture, though you may feel you are wearing a dishrag on solid workouts.

 

Cover Stitched
...refers seams being finished (or serged) giving a little more rigid, neat, tidy yet robust flat seams on T-shirts
Crew Neck
...round close-fitting neckline most commonly used on t-shirts.
Double (Needle) Stitch
..twin needles are used to stitch hemlines of t-shirts with two threads instead of one providing added strength and improving durability.
Double Lined
...a fabric of double thickness for extra warmth (hoods on hoodies).
Draw cord
...a cord or ribbon run through a hem or casing and pulled to tighten or close an opening or drawstring.
Fabric Weight (Mass)
...“ounces per square yard” or "grams per square meter”. A "5 oz weight" cotton fabric means one square yard weighs 5 oz. Fine jersey cotton fabrics usually have lighter weights, while coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Fitted Cut
...generally refers to a cut flattering the body often used in women’s t-shirts. Overall, the shirts run narrower than a basic full cut and the middle section of the shirt is tighter than the top or bottom.
Garment Washed
...finished articles of clothing are washed, usually with added softeners to improve the feel and look of the fabric.
Hemmed Sleeve
...is less constrictive creating a more open look.
Knits
...identifify interlocking loops of yarn used in the fabric. Jersey Knit is the most durable of knits, light weight with fine vertical ribs. It . T-shirt collars are usually made using Rib Knits with heavy ribs running down the fabric. Interlock Knits are used in very fine fabrics.
Microfiber (100% Polyester)
...a synthetic material well known for its resistance to staining and ability to hold shape no matter how many times it is washed and worn. Microfiber has a built in wicking ability within the fibers of the fabric, moving sweat to drier areas during exercise, keeping you cool and dry. 
Missy Fit ...designed for a traditional customer with a fuller fit than junior or contemporary. It tends to be cut less fitted, and is typically a more mature customer.
Polyester and Cotton
...polyester is crease resistant; cotton isn’t. A garment that blends the two may not need to be ironed or will require less ironing, while retaining much of the comfort provided by cotton.
Quarter Turned
...fabric is milled in the form of a tube and has no seams ...the tube is then flattened and rolled for distribution creating a crease on each side of the fabric tube. By rotating the tube by 1/4 way around before cutting, the crease is moved under the arm, removing any risk of affecting the quality of printed graphics.
Racerback

...clothing with a t-shaped back behind the shoulder blades to allow ease of movement in sports.
Raglan T-Shirts
...feature sleeves that run directly to the collar often a contrasting color to the body color. Wider under the arms, raglan sleeves are preferred by those who want to maximise freedom of movement.
Rib Knit
...a highly elastic textured knit that retains "memory" and has the appearance of vertical lines. Rib Knitting is often used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Serge (protector) An overcasting technique done on the cut edge of the fabric to prevent unraveling.
Shirring
...running one or more stitches parallel to the other for the purpose of forming gathers. Three or more rows of gathers made by small running stitches in parallel lines.
Shoulder to Shoulder Taping
...on well made shirts twill tape covers the seams on the inside of the shirt from one shoulder, across the collar or neckline seam over to the other shoulder point. Twill Tape stabilizes the top rear of the shirt preventing it from stretching out of shape with washing and wearing.
Side Seamed
...shirts with a seam running down at each side under the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Side Seamed t-shirts are more expensive to manufacture
Slim Fit
...are t-shirts that run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower in width than regular sized garments.
Spandex
...fibers return to its natural size after repeated stretching, keeping out the cold winds. Spandex is also known by its brand name Lycra (created by DuPont)
Spandex and cotton
...is stretchy and durable, and cotton lets your skin breathe. The two make a perfect combination for sports clothing.
Singles Thread Weight
...a unit of measurement defining the fineness of cotton thread. The higher number means a finer thread, so a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts made of 30s and 40s singles are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts made of 20s.